Picture of needle, pills for AMD

The ability to see clearly and navigate the world around us is something many people take for granted. However, for those suffering from macular degeneration, a leading cause of vision loss, preserving sight becomes a top priority. With the advancement of medical treatments, eye injections macular degeneration have emerged as a promising solution to manage this condition and maintain vision. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the world of eye injections for macular degeneration, exploring the different types, the procedure itself, and how it compares to other treatment options.

Key Takeaways

  • Eye injection therapy is an effective and secure treatment for wet macular degeneration, with success rates varying depending on individual factors.
  • Treatment options such as oral medications, laser therapy, and lifestyle modifications can be discussed with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable plan.
  • Understanding insurance coverage and exploring strategies to manage costs can help control expenses associated with eye injections for macular degeneration.

Understanding Macular Degeneration and the Need for Eye Injections

Macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness, necessitates efficient management to mitigate disease progression and avert vision loss. There are two types of macular degeneration: wet and dry, with the former being a more aggressive form of the disease. Wet macular degeneration is characterized by the emergence of abnormal blood vessels from underneath the retina, resulting in bleeding, fluid leakage, and vision disruption.

To counteract this progression, eye injection therapy has become a common treatment for wet macular degeneration. Intravitreal injections, a type of eye injection, can significantly improve the symptoms associated with wet macular degeneration. These injections, pivotal in disease management and vision preservation, are critical to treatment for numerous patients.

With the support of the American Macular Degeneration Foundation, patients can learn what to expect from the procedure and be reassured that it is both secure and effective.

Types of Eye Injections for Macular Degeneration

Eye injections for macular degeneration come in several forms, each targeting different aspects of the condition. These include anti-VEGF agents, steroids, and infection medications.

We will delve into the specifics of each eye injection type, elaborating their functionalities and their roles in halting macular degeneration progression in the upcoming sections.

Anti-VEGF Injections

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections, also known as anti-VEGF treatment, are widely used to treat wet AMD. It is one of the most prevalent treatments for such condition. Injections are believed to limit the development of extra blood vessels. This can help in preventing further vision weakness. Some popular anti-VEGF medications include Avastin, Eylea, and Lucentis, which help halt abnormal blood vessel growth and stabilize vision.

Anti-angiogenic drugs, another category of anti-VEGF medications, work by inhibiting the formation of new blood vessels and impeding the leakage from abnormal vessels that cause wet AMD. While these drugs are effective in reducing leakage from blood vessels, preventing their growth, and decreasing swelling of the retina, they may also have side effects such as:

  • infection
  • inflammation in the eye
  • bleeding into the vitreous gel
  • retinal detachment

Steroid Injections

Steroid injections serve a different purpose in the treatment of macular degeneration. They work by diminishing inflammation and swelling in the eye, potentially reducing the risk of vision loss and improving vision in certain cases. Steroid injections are typically used to address swelling and inflammation of the macula, providing benefits such as reducing inflammation, improving vision, and slowing disease progression.

However, steroid injections come with their own set of potential side effects. These may include:

  • Pain
  • Blurry or decreased vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Redness in the treated eye(s) persisting for more than 3 days
  • Running discharge of fluids or pus from the eye

Patients must discuss the advantages and drawbacks of steroid injections with their healthcare provider to assess if this treatment option aligns with their individual case.

Infection Medications

Infection medications are another type of eye injection used in the treatment of macular degeneration. These medications are employed to address bacterial or fungal infections in the eye, with the potential to reduce the risk of vision loss and improve vision in some cases. Commonly used infection medications include antibiotics, antiviral drugs, and antifungal medications.

These medications significantly contribute to infection prevention during the injection process by thwarting bacterial growth and proliferation, thereby minimizing the infection risk at the injection site. Potential side effects of infection medications during eye injections for AMD may include:

  • Endophthalmitis (inflammation of the eye due to infection)
  • Intraocular inflammation
  • Cataracts
  • Detached retinas
  • Blurry vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Cloudy vision

The Eye Injection Procedure: What to Expect

The eye injection procedure might seem intimidating, but it is generally a quick and minimally invasive treatment, often performed after a dilated eye exam.

We will guide you through the steps required before, during, and after the eye injection in the upcoming sections, aiming to assuage any concerns and ensure a seamless experience.

Preparing for the Injection

Before the eye injection procedure, anesthetic eye drops are applied to numb the eye and minimize any discomfort. These numbing eye drops typically take effect within 15 to 20 seconds and provide anesthesia for approximately 15 minutes. While numbing drops are generally safe, they can have side effects such as blurred vision, throbbing pain, or stinging in the eye, so it is important to be aware of these potential risks.

In addition to numbing the eye, an iodine solution is used to clean the eye before the injection, reducing the potential for infection. The ophthalmologist will then determine the most appropriate location for the injection, typically on the lower part of the eye near the ear.

During the Injection

During the injection, a small needle is used to deliver the medication into the eye. Patients may experience some pressure during the procedure, but generally, the injection is not painful. The injection is typically administered on the lower part of the eye near the ear. The entire process takes only a few moments.

The injection often leads to the medication mixing with fluid in the eye. This forms a web of lines, which is normal. This visual phenomenon is temporary and should not cause any lasting discomfort or concern.

Post-Injection Care and Recovery

After the injection, post-injection care involves:

  • Monitoring potential complications
  • Following your doctor’s recommendations for activity restrictions
  • Having a driver available to take you home directly after the procedure
  • Taking over-the-counter pain relievers in case of any discomfort
  • Using a cool cloth for comfort if necessary.

To monitor their eye health following the injection, patients can:

  • Observe any changes in their vision
  • Abstain from activities that require clear vision
  • Don sunglasses to guard against light sensitivity
  • Make follow-up appointments with their eye doctor
  • Monitor intraocular pressure if needed

Adherence to these guidelines can guarantee a seamless recovery and reduce the potential for complications.

Effectiveness and Frequency of Eye Injections

The success of eye injections in treating macular degeneration varies depending on the individual and the specific treatment regimen.

The subsequent sections will discuss the success rates of these injections and the evolution of treatment frequency over time.

Success Rates

Eye injections for macular degeneration have shown promising results in many patients. Studies indicate that up to 30% of patients with wet macular degeneration may be able to discontinue eye injections after successful treatment, although success rates can vary. More than 90% of individuals who have received anti-VEGF injections have been able to maintain their vision.

However, bear in mind that success rates may fluctuate depending on factors like disease severity, injection type, and personal response to treatment. Patients should work closely with their healthcare provider to determine the most effective treatment plan for their specific needs.

Treatment Frequency

The frequency of eye injections depends on factors such as the severity of the condition, the response to treatment, and the specific treatment regimen employed. Initially, injections must be administered every 4-6 weeks. However, as the disease stabilizes and progresses, the necessity for frequent injections may diminish.

In certain circumstances, patients with wet macular degeneration can cease eye injections altogether, but this depends on the individual’s condition and response to treatment. Ultimately, it is essential to work closely with your healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment frequency for your specific situation.

Comparing Eye Injections to Other Treatment Options

While eye injections have proven to be an effective treatment for many patients with macular degeneration, it’s important to consider alternative treatment options that may be more suitable or convenient for some individuals.

We will draw comparisons between eye injections and alternative treatments like oral medications, laser therapy, and lifestyle modifications in the upcoming sections.

Oral Medications

Oral medications for macular degeneration, such as X-82 and AREDS2 supplements, may be less effective than injections but can be more convenient for some patients. These macular degeneration treatments work by:

  • Blocking certain growth factors that promote the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina
  • Helping to reduce the size of the vessels
  • Diminishing the accumulation of fluid underneath the retina

However, oral medications for macular degeneration may have potential side effects, including:

  • Decreased visual acuity
  • Alterations in color vision
  • Intraretinal crystalline deposits
  • Gastrointestinal issues

Consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial to outline the most suitable treatment plan tailored to your individual needs.

Laser Therapy

Laser therapy, also known as laser photocoagulation, is another treatment option for macular degeneration. This procedure involves using a laser to seal leaking blood vessels and reduce the area of drusen, which are deposits that can impair vision. While laser therapy can help prevent further vision loss in individuals with AMD, it is not a definitive cure or capable of reversing existing damage.

In comparison to eye injections, laser therapy is a distinct treatment approach, with injections targeting the abnormal blood vessels in the retina to reduce their growth and prevent further vision loss. Both laser therapy and eye injections are utilized for wet AMD, but their specific mechanisms of action and recommendations will depend on the specific characteristics of the condition and the patient’s individual needs.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes, such as dietary modifications and physical activity, can help support overall eye health and may slow the progression of macular degeneration. Quitting smoking is particularly important, as it is the foremost modifiable risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), leading to vision loss and blindness.

In addition to quitting smoking, other lifestyle changes to consider include consuming a nutritious diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and protecting your eyes from excessive sun exposure. By adopting these healthy habits, individuals can take a proactive approach to maintaining their eye health and potentially slowing the development of macular degeneration.

Provincial Health Insurance Coverage

In Saskatchewan, the Saskatchewan Drug Plan plays a crucial role in covering the costs of eye injections for macular degeneration. This provincial program provides coverage for eligible residents, helping to reduce the financial burden associated with these treatments.

In addition to understanding insurance coverage, patients can:

  • Explore financial assistance programs
  • Discuss payment options with their healthcare provider
  • Compare prices
  • Consider generic alternatives
  • Utilize prescription assistance programs

These strategies can help control the expenses associated with eye injections for macular degeneration.


In conclusion, eye injections have emerged as a vital tool in the management of macular degeneration, helping to preserve vision and improve the quality of life for many patients. With a variety of injection types, a straightforward procedure, and a range of alternative treatment options to consider, individuals can work closely with their healthcare providers to determine the best course of action for their specific needs. By staying informed and proactive, patients can take control of their eye health and face the challenges of macular degeneration with confidence. If you would like to be assessed the Conlon Eye Insititute, then schedule an appointment today!

Frequently Asked Questions

How effective are eye injections for macular degeneration?

Eye injections are an effective treatment for many people with wet macular degeneration, as they can preserve vision and in some cases even improve vision over time. However, anti-VEGF injections don’t always work for every case, and it may take time to find the right one.

What is the new eye injection for macular degeneration?

BEOVU (brolucizumab) is a new injectable drug for treating both types of macular degeneration with a more flexible dosing regimen than other medications. The Health Canada recently approved it as a prescription medicine administered by injection into the eye.

How effective are eye injections for macular degeneration?

A: Eye injections have been found to be highly effective in treating macular degeneration.

What is the new eye injection for macular degeneration?

A: The new eye injection for macular degeneration is called [insert name of new injection].

Can injections reverse macular degeneration?

A: While injections cannot reverse macular degeneration, they can help slow down its progression and prevent further vision loss.

How long can you have eye injections for macular degeneration?

A: The duration of eye injections for macular degeneration varies depending on the individual’s condition and response to treatment. It can range from a few months to several years.

Q: Do shots in the eye really help macular degeneration?

A: Yes, shots in the eye have been proven to be effective in treating macular degeneration and improving vision.

What is the success rate of eye injections for macular degeneration?

A: The success rate of eye injections for macular degeneration varies, but it is generally high, with many patients experiencing improved vision and slowed disease progression.

Does Medicare pay for macular degeneration injections?

A: Yes, Medicare typically covers eye injections for macular degeneration, but it is recommended to check with your specific insurance provider for coverage details.

How long does it take to recover from macular degeneration injection?

A: The recovery time after a macular degeneration injection is usually minimal, with most patients able to resume their normal activities within a day or two.

Q: How successful are injections for wet macular degeneration?

A: Injections have shown to be highly successful in treating wet macular degeneration, with many patients experiencing improved vision and reduced disease activity.

How long can you have injections for wet macular degeneration?

A: The duration of injections for wet macular degeneration can vary, but they are often administered on a regular basis over an extended period of time to maintain the treatment’s effectiveness.

What type of injections are given for wet macular degeneration?

A: The most common type of injection given for wet macular degeneration is an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) medication.What is the newest treatment for wet macular degeneration?

How many injections do you need for wet macular degeneration?

A: The number of injections needed for wet macular degeneration can vary depending on the individual’s response to treatment, but several injections are typically required to achieve optimal results.

What is the new shot for wet macular degeneration?

A: The new shot for wet macular degeneration is called [insert name of new shot].

Can wet macular degeneration be treated with injections?

A: Yes, wet macular degeneration can be effectively treated with injections, particularly anti-VEGF medications.Do injections for macular degeneration work?

Q: How long does it take for eye injections to work for macular degeneration?

A: The time it takes for eye injections to work for macular degeneration varies, but many patients start experiencing improvements in vision within a few weeks to months after starting treatment


  1. “Intravitreal Injections for Macular Degeneration: What to Expect” – https://www.aao.org/eye-health/treatments/intravitreal-injections-for-macular-degeneration
  2. “Eye Injections for Macular Degeneration: What to Know” – https://www.webmd.com/eye-health/macular-degeneration/macular-degeneration-eye-injections
  3. “Understanding Intravitreal Injections for Macular Degeneration” – https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/wilmer/services/macular-degeneration/intravitreal-injections.html
  4. “Intravitreal Injections for Age-Related Macular Degeneration” – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2901951/
  5. “Macular Degeneration Injections: What to Expect” – https://www.macular.org/intravitreal-injections
  6. “Intravitreal Injections for Macular Degeneration: A Review” – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3304333/
  7. “Intravitreal Injections for Macular Degeneration: An Overview” – https://www.macularsociety.org/sites/default/files/resource/Macular%20Society%20Intravitreal%20Injections%20Factsheet.pdf
  8. “Intravitreal Injections for Macular Degeneration: Risks and Benefits” – https://www.aao.org/eye-health/tips-prevention/intravitreal-injections-risks-benefits


Photo graph of Dr. Conlon operating with loops on.

Dr. M. Ronan Conlon started his career in the field of ophthalmology at the same time as the development of refractive eye surgery in Canada. In 1996, he brought laser technology to Canada from Germany, which allowed him to perform laser eye surgery before it was available in the United States. With the establishment of the Conlon Eye Institute, Dr. Conlon has performed more than 40,000 refractive procedures and has advanced his expertise in LASIK and refractive cataract surgery.

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