A: The duration of diabetes increases the likelihood of developing diabetic retinopathy. Thus it is important for diabetics to control their blood sugar levels. Lifestyle changes may minimize developing diabetic retinopathy: implementing frequent monitoring and recording of blood sugar levels, a healthy diet and exercise routine, refraining from smoking or use of other tobacco products, and controlling blood pressure are all good measures.

Although health monitoring is important, ultimately these lifestyle changes may still prove ineffective, as diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss in diabetics. Therefore, it is imperative to receive yearly comprehensive eye exams if at-risk for the condition.