A: Symptoms typically do not appear until vision damage has already occurred, meaning close monitoring and medical testing are necessary for early detection of diabetic retinopathy.

Hemoglobin A1C(HbA1c). Ordered by your family physicianthis test provides a three-month average of blood sugar levels. This average indicates how well blood sugar is controlled, with the usual goal of having an HbA1c at or below seven percent. Experts recommend this testing at least two times a year, but depending on your blood sugar management, more frequent testing may be needed. This test indicates whether your blood sugar may be harming your eyes.

Dilated Eye Exams. Dr. Conlon performs these exams, to examine the back of the eye. He will administer drops to dilate your pupils, as enlarging them allows for a better view of the back of your eye. Using a magnifying lens, Dr. Conlon can diagnose any eye damage.

If necessary, Dr. Conlon can also refer patients to a retinal specialist for more extensive testing, including Fluorescein Angiography, which identifies specific leakages.