A: Treatment options are dependent on the severity of the condition.

Anti-VEGF Injection Therapy involves injection in the eye’s gel to block a protein that stimulates the growth of abnormal blood vessel. It has proven effective for slowing progression of diabetic retinopathy.

Scatter laser surgery is the traditional treatment, making thousands of laser burns into retinal areas besides the macula. These burns shrink abnormal blood vessels and are usually most effective before new blood vessels begin bleeding.

Vitrectomy, a surgical procedure that removes the vitreous humor gel filling the eye cavity, is another treatment option.