- PRK surgery: Overview and Procedure
- How do I prepare for photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) surgery?
- PRK Recovery Time: What to Expect
- Factors that can impact PRK recovery time
- What happens during the photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) procedure?
- PRK vs LASIK Eye Surgery Recovery
- PRK recovery tips for managing discomfort during photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) recovery
- Should I Get PRK?
- Final thoughts and recommendations for successful PRK recovery:
- Frequently Asked Questions
I am Dr. Conlon from the Conlon Eye Institute, with over 20 years of experience performing PRK laser surgeries. PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) is a laser vision correction technique employed to rectify refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. The procedure involves reshaping the cornea using laser energy to enhance vision and minimize reliance on eyeglasses or contact lenses. Nonetheless, as with any surgical intervention, the recovery time is a crucial aspect to consider.
Grasping the PRK recovery timeline is vital for patients contemplating surgery. This knowledge enables them to organize their recovery phase appropriately and make the necessary adjustments to work and other commitments.
In this blog, I will delve into the PRK recovery process, outlining what patients can anticipate during their recovery journey and the typical duration for complete recovery from PRK surgery.
PRK surgery: Overview and Procedure
During the PRK procedure, the surgeon removes the outer layer of cells on the cornea’s surface or outer layer, called the epithelium, and then reshapes the cornea’s outermost layer using a laser. The procedure takes about 10 minutes for both eyes, and most patients typically go home soon after the PRK once the sedation wears off.
How do I prepare for photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) surgery?
Following specific preoperative guidelines when removing contact lenses before PRK or LASIK surgery is essential. Contact lens removal helps with accurate measurements and reduces potential risks of complications.
For soft contact lens users, discontinue their use 2-3 days before the appointment if using daily disposables or those on a short replacement schedule (bi-weekly/monthly). Those wearing toric glasses correcting astigmatism or extended wear contacts should stop at least one week in advance.
Hard contact lens wearers must not wear them for four weeks before the procedure date as this will provide adequate time for the cornea to return to its natural curvature.
PRK Recovery Time: What to Expect
I have witnessed a remarkable evolution of laser eye surgery as an eye surgeon. Today, with modern NSAIDs, such as Prolensa®, discerning who has undergone PRK or LASIK during the first post-operative visit has become challenging based on the patient’s vision and discomfort alone.
This is a striking contrast to the scenario 20 years ago when one could effortlessly distinguish PRK patients from their LASIK counterparts simply by observing their body language.
Patients should avoid exercise for the first three days after surgery and wait to resume contact sports for two to four weeks. They should also avoid hot tubs or swimming for two weeks and try to wear eye makeup to keep water out of their eyes.
Understanding PRK recovery time is important for patients considering the surgery, as it allows them to plan their recovery period accordingly and make necessary arrangements for work and other commitments. Patients should discuss the PRK recovery timeline, tips, process and concerns with their ophthalmologist before undergoing PRK surgery.
Factors that can impact PRK recovery time
- Age: Older patients may experience longer recovery times due to slower natural healing processes.
- Pre-existing eye conditions: Dry eye syndrome or corneal disease can prolong recovery.
- Overall health: Compromised immune systems or uncontrolled medical conditions may result in slower healing.
- The severity of refractive error: Greater corrections can lead to longer recovery times.
- Post-operative care compliance: Adherence to care instructions is vital for proper healing and faster recovery.
What happens during the photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) procedure?
Here is what to expect at each stage of a PRK patients recovery timeline, based on most people my experience:
Immediate Post-Surgery Period
Post-surgery, patients might encounter mild discomfort, including burning, itching, blurry vision, and eye-watering. A bandage contact lens is usually applied after surgery and worn for approximately five days to facilitate healing and safeguard the cornea. Patients must refrain from rubbing their eyes to prevent damage.
First Week of Recovery
During the first week of recovery, patients may experience discomfort, itchiness, and light or sensitivity to light alone. Drops and medications will be prescribed to ease discomfort and light sensitivity and prevent eye infections.
Follow-up Appointments and Environmental Precautions
Follow-up appointments with an eye surgeon will be necessary during the first week of recovery to ensure the bandage contact lens is properly fitted and to monitor healing. Patients should avoid smoky, dry, or dusty environments and keep makeup, lotions, cologne, aftershave, and cream away from their faces to prevent irritation.
First Month of Recovery
During the first month of recovery, with eye drops prescribed, patients may experience a gradual improvement in their vision. Eye drops with improved vision may need to be continued as prescribed a few weeks, to promote healing and prevent infection. Patients should avoid physical activities that may pressure their eyes or cause eye injuries.
First Three Months of Recovery
During the initial three months, the corneal surface heals and smoothens, then cornea healing progresses with patients potentially achieving complete cornea healing and vision stabilization. PRK recovery time varies based on age, pre-existing eye conditions, overall eye health, refractive error severity, and post-operative care compliance. Adherence to care instructions and follow-up appointments is vital for a successful prk healing timeline all.
PRK vs LASIK Eye Surgery Recovery
PRK and LASIK recovery processes exhibit differences in speed and initial discomfort. LASIK recovery is typically quicker due to creating a corneal flap, while PRK recovery is more gradual as it involves removing the cornea’s outer layer. Nonetheless, both procedures dramatically improve comparable visual acuity and long-term satisfaction in most patients.
PRK recovery tips for managing discomfort during photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) recovery
Using Lubricating Eye Drops
It is important to use lubricating eye drops to ease dryness and irritation. In addition lubricating drops can reduce inflammation and promote healing.
Protecting the Eyes
Protecting the eyes from sunlight and bright lights is recommended during recovery, as they can increase discomfort and prolong the healing process. Wear sunglasses and avoid sun exposure, and bright light sources can help reduce discomfort as eyes heal and promote healing. Avoid rubbing your eyes.
Avoiding Activities That Cause Eye Strain
It is also advised to avoid activities that may cause eye strain, such as reading, watching television, or using electronic devices. Resting and allowing the eyes to heal are important.
Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle by getting enough sleep, staying hydrated, and eating nutritious foods can relieve pain and promote the healing process.
Finally, attending your follow-up appointment make-up appointments with the eye doctor and eye surgeon is essential. Using prescribed drops or medications can ensure excellent vision and successful recovery.
It is important to note that some minor discomfort may be experienced during recovery after PRK surgery, but these tips can help ease discomfort and promote healing.
Should I Get PRK?
Choosing PRK as a laser eye surgery option should be based on a comprehensive evaluation of clinical factors, including safety, corneal thickness, and shape. A thorough consultation with an experienced ophthalmologist is crucial to assess your suitability for PRK vision correction.
PRK may be a safer alternative vision correction for individuals with thinner corneas or irregular corneal shapes, as it preserves more corneal tissue and reduces the risk of complications. Ultimately, an informed decision should be made with a trusted eye care professional who can consider your unique ocular characteristics and visual needs.
Post-operative care is essential to the recovery process after surgery, including PRK surgery. The type of postoperative care needed may vary depending on the medical history of the individual patient and the type of surgery performed. However, some key points for successful post-operative care include standardized best practices, personalized electronic health programs, and follow-ups.
Patients should be encouraged to follow their eye surgeon’s post-operative care instructions and be patient with recovery. This includes properly using eye drops, protecting their eyes from sunlight and bright lights, avoiding activities that may cause eye strain, and eye pain, resting and allowing the eyes to heal, and maintaining a healthy and active lifestyle to promote healing.
Final thoughts and recommendations for successful PRK recovery:
In conclusion, patients must understand that recovery after PRK surgery can take time, and patience is key. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, following the doctor’s instructions and post-operative care instructions, and attending follow-up appointments with the doctor immediately the surgeon can all help to ensure a successful recovery. It is also important for patients to communicate any concerns or issues with their surgeon to ensure prompt and effective treatment.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1: What is PRK?
A1: PRK stands for photorefractive keratectomy, a laser vision correction technique that uses laser energy to reshape the cornea’s outermost layer, aimed at correcting refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
A2: During PRK surgery, the surgeon removes the outer layer of cells on the cornea’s surface (epithelium) and reshapes the cornea’s outermost layer using a laser. The procedure takes about 10 minutes for both eyes, and most patients go home soon after the PRK once the sedation wears off.
A3: PRK recovery time varies depending on factors such as age, pre-existing eye conditions, overall eye health, severity of refractive error, and post-operative care compliance. Patients should expect mild discomfort, itching, and light sensitivity during the first week of recovery, and complete cornea healing and vision stabilization typically occurs within the first three months of recovery.
A4: PRK recovery is typically more gradual than LASIK recovery due to removing the cornea’s outer layer, while LASIK involves creating a corneal flap. However, both procedures significantly improve comparable visual acuity and long-term satisfaction in most patients.
A5: Patients can use lubricating eye drops, protect their eyes from sunlight and bright lights, avoid activities that may cause eye strain, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and attend follow-up appointments with their eye surgeon to manage discomfort during PRK recovery.
Dr. M. Ronan Conlon started his career in the field of ophthalmology at the same time as the development of refractive eye surgery in Canada. In 1996, he brought laser technology to Canada from Germany, which allowed him to perform laser eye surgery before it was available in the United States. With the establishment of the Conlon Eye Institute, Dr. Conlon has performed more than 40,000 refractive procedures and has advanced his expertise in LASIK and refractive cataract surgery.